Download A Web of New Words: A Corpus-Based Study of the by Daphne Kerremans PDF

By Daphne Kerremans

ISBN-10: 3631655789

ISBN-13: 9783631655788

This publication offers the 1st large-scale usage-based research of the conventionalization strategy of English neologisms within the on-line speech group. The examine solutions the longstanding query of ways and why a few neologisms develop into a part of the English lexicon and others don't. It strings jointly findings and assumptions from lexicological, sociolinguistic and cognitive examine and supplementations the present theories with novel data-driven insights. For this goal a webcrawler was once constructed, which extracted the occurrences of the neologisms into consideration from the net in per month durations. The e-book exhibits that the several classes conventionalization tactics may possibly take end result from the interaction among speaker-based sociopragmatic accommodation-induced features and elements facilitating cognitive processing of novel linguistic fabric.

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Additional resources for A Web of New Words: A Corpus-Based Study of the Conventionalization Process of English Neologisms

Example text

An example is snowicane. During the harsh winter of 2010 in the US speakers needed a variety of words to refer to the unusual deluge of snow. As a result, several terms like snowicane or snownado were coined successively.  1985: 47-50). He distinguishes between morphological neologisms like snowicane, semantic neologisms that involve semantic transfer such as subprime and morpho-semantic neologisms which pair a new meaning with a new form like detweet. Even if word is substituted by coinage, lexeme or linguistic sign, it does not solve the question of what is new.

The word is included in the third edition of the OED (March 2006) and since December 2011 in the online version. 44 in the mental lexicon of the individual speaker44. Since language use takes place both on the communal level and on the individual level, any comprehensive theory of establishment cannot afford to ignore important insights from the cognitive sciences. In fact, one could argue that the cognitive processes in the mental lexicon are the necessary conditions for any kind of socio-pragmatic establishment, especially from the perspective of the hearer-reader.

This recurrence is however only possible if encore career exceeds its ad-hoc formation phase and gains currency, which can stay limited to certain types of source and fields of discourse. Encore career may thus not be or become completely institutionalized, whereas it does represent an advanced stage of lexicalization. From a cognitive perspective, the inherent semantic non-­ compositionality presupposes a certain degree of hypostatization prior to this initial spread and even when relatively new, it emerges in discourse as a tentatively hypostatized and entrenched concept.

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