Download An Introduction to Systematic Reviews by David Gough PDF

By David Gough

ISBN-10: 1849201803

ISBN-13: 9781849201803

An advent to Systematic Reviews offers a brief, available and technically updated ebook masking the complete breadth of methods to studies from statistical meta research to meta ethnography. The content material is split into 5 major sections masking: techniques to reviewing; getting begun; accumulating and describing learn; appraising and synthesizing info; and utilising reports and versions of study use. As systematic reports develop into integrated in lots of extra graduate-level classes this booklet solutions the becoming call for for a uncomplicated consultant.

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In terms of systematic maps for describing research activity, there is variation in the detail of study descriptions, ranging from listings of a few or many different descriptors of the research studies (mapping keywords) to a more detailed examination of cross tabulations of variables and analysis of the field of research. Maps can thus be described as relatively descriptive or analytic (see Chapter 7). Commonality and diversity in reviews 39 The purpose of a synthesis is to integrate the findings of different studies to answer the review question.

6 Those asking questions of research are ‘users’ of that research, with particular perspectives and priorities that can usefully inform the process of undertaking primary and secondary (reviews of) research. Conclusion The starting point for the book is that research as systematic enquiry is an important form of knowledge and that we should balance the investment of resources and energy in new research with the reviewing of what we know from previous research. Traditionally, reviews have been undertaken without clear, formal, explicit and systematic methods, which undermines their status and usefulness as research, and similar arguments can be made about expert opinion (even if such opinion may have 16 An introduction to systematic reviews great uses in other circumstances).

Although young people were involved in every stage of this review, participation is sometimes targeted at key stages, in particular, choosing the review question and interpreting the findings. Participation in reviews also differs in terms of how it happens. There is a body of theoretical literature on how participatory approaches to research can vary (see for example, Oliver et al. 2008b). Much of this literature has explored the particular case of involving service users or the public in health research, but it can also be useful for considering the participation of other kinds of stakeholder, and for research that addresses issues other than health.

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