By Osama Abi-Mershed
Among 1830 and 1870, French military officials serving within the colonial places of work of Arab Affairs profoundly altered the process political decision-making in Algeria. Guided by way of the modernizing ideologies of the Saint-Simonian institution of their improvement and implementation of colonial coverage, the officials articulated a brand new doctrine and framework for governing the Muslim and eu populations of Algeria. Apostles of Modernity indicates the evolution of this civilizing project in Algeria, and illustrates how those forty years have been decisive in shaping the valuable ideological tenets in French colonization of the region.This publication deals a rethinking of 19th-century French colonial historical past. It finds not just what the increase of Europe implied for the cultural identities of non-elite center Easterners and North Africans, but in addition what dynamics have been thinking about the imposition or neighborhood adoptions of eu cultural norms and the way the colonial stumble upon impacted the cultural identities of the colonizers themselves.
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Extra info for Apostles of Modernity: Saint-Simonians and the Civilizing Mission in Algeria
15 In the 1840s, their meticulous analyses rectified official guidelines on native affairs and, by 1847, were informing and governing the very demeanor of the civilizing mission in Algeria.
However, Enfantin’s public denunciations of the nation’s antiquated institutions Never the Twain Shall Meet? 27 and mores incurred civic outcry and legal injunctions against his group. The Supreme Father and his followers then set their utopian sights upon more welcoming lands, namely Egypt and the Ottoman Empire. 40 The introduction of Saint-Simon to the inner ranks of the École Polytechnique resulted from his personal association with two of the school’s founding fathers: the chemist Antoine de Fourcroy (1755–1809) and the mathematician Gaspard Monge (1746–1818), the latter a veteran of the Napoleonic expedition to Egypt and former director of the Institut d’Égypte.
38 The many Saint-Simonians among them seized the opportunity to discredit the validity of assimilationist measures and to suggest placating the defiant natives with exceptional cultural concessions and joint Franco-Arab ventures. Above all, they endeavored to localize the civilizing mission and to circumscribe some of its universal assertions to immediate contingencies. “Algeria is not France,” they declared, and accordingly, they exploited the fierce resistance by Abd al-Qadir to assail colonial decision making to date.
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