By Robert C. Pinto (auth.)
Chapters 1-12 of this quantity comprise the papers on infonnal common sense and argumentation that i have released and/or learn at meetings during the last 17 years. those papers are reproduced the following pretty well unchanged from their first visual appeal; it's my purpose that their visual appeal the following represent a checklist of my positions and arguments on the time in their unique booklet or supply. i have made minor alterations in fonnat, within the variety of references, etc., for the sake of consistency; i have additionally corrected typographical mistakes etc. the one huge adjustments in wording take place within the previous couple of pages of bankruptcy 7, and have been made basically to let the reader to determine extra truly what i used to be getting at in my first try to write in regards to the thought of coherence. bankruptcy thirteen was once written expressly for this quantity. It seems to be retrospectively on the contents of the 1st 12 chapters and makes an attempt to spotlight the unifying issues that run via them. It additionally revisits the tips approximately dialectic that occupied my first in mild of later advancements in my considering but in addition re paper, remodeling them emphasizing subject matters approximately which i have tended to stay silent within the previous few years.
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Extra resources for Argument, Inference and Dialectic: Collected Papers on Informal Logic with an Introduction by Hans V. Hansen
If such an interpretation is sustainable, the strength of the support which premisses provide for conclusions they entail is therefore relative to persons at times, and moreover cannot be assessed in abstraction from consideration of what makes the premisses acceptable. 15 See Alvin Goldman's use of a similar argument in Goldman 1986, pp. 83-84. The context is one in which Goldman is arguing that formal logic does not supply principles of good reasoning and that there is a need for an "informal logic" which would be a "branch of epistemology" (p.
Much of moral argumentation aims at engendering approval (or disapproval) of the performance of certain actions. Much argumentation concerned with practical and prudential matters aims at engendering the intention to perform (or to refrain from performing) certain actions. Consequently, the attempt to modify a person's doxastic attitudes through rational means is but a special case of attempting to modify propositional attitudes through rational means. It is evident that we do try to affect intentions, fears, hopes, desires through rational persuasion and therefore through argument.
CHAPTER 4 THE RELATION OF ARGUMENT TO INFERENCE I'm going to use the word inference for the mental act or event in which a person draws a conclusion from premisses, or arrives at a conclusion on the basis of the consideration of a body of evidence. I'm going to use the word argument for a set of statements or propositions that one person offers to another in the attempt to induce that other person to accept some conclusion.
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